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The Foxtrot is an American Smooth and International Ballroom dance. The Foxtrot was born to ragtime music which was popular from 1895-1918. African American musicians, such as Scott Joplin, began composing syncopated music. Ragtime music was fun and exciting compared to the Waltz music that was previously popular. With this new music came new dances. The first new dance was the Turkey Trot, a one-step that included flapping the arms like a turkey. Many animal inspired dances were created such as the Monkey Dance, the Horse Trot, the Grizzly Bear, the Bunny Hug, and the Kangaroo Dip. These dances had jerky steps and possibly emulated the walk and the wild abandon of animals. Then in 1914, dancer Harry Fox, performed his version of trotting on the stage of the Ziegfield Follies. His fast and jerky trot became the rage in New York. When the Foxtrot reached England, the jumps and high jinks of the original dance were smoothed out to give the dance a look of elegance like the Waltz.

The Foxtrot is known for its smooth, gliding steps and controlled movement that makes the dance look easygoing. Foxtrot can be danced to many different styles of music such as Fly Me to the Moon by Frank Sinatra and Moondance by Van Morrison are some great examples of American Smooth songs.


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